Information

It is important for us to get you well informed about tanning salons

List of Drugs That Increase Sensitivity to Ultraviolet Radiation

Many products, including prescribed medications, over-the-counter patent medicines, and a wide range of personal care products can increase the skin’s sensitivity to UV radiation, also known as photosensitivity. This is an intense reaction of the skin to ultraviolet radiation which can cause burning (or erythema) in a much shorter period than would normally be expected.

Photosensitivity can be caused by products applied directly to the skin or from medications or other substances that have been ingested.

Because there are literally hundreds of known photosensitizing agents under the following general categories, clients taking any medications or using any products (some listed below), should be advised to consult a physician or pharmacist before using tanning equipment.

List of Photosensitizing Drugs

(This list is only informative)

The following table lists some drugs and other agents that have been reported to cause photosensitivity reactions. Those marked with an asterisk cause more frequent reactions. Phototoxic drugs used for therapeutic purposes such as the psoralens, trioxsalen (Trisoralen) and methoxsalen (Oxsoralen), used for vitiligo and psoriasis, and coal tar (Zetar, and others), used for psoriasis, are not listed.

Some agents that may cause photosensitivity reactions

Anticancer drugs

Dacarbazine (DTIC- Dome)
Fluorouracil (Fluoroplex, and others)
Flutamide (Eulexin)
Methotrexate (Folex, and others)
Vinblastine (Velban, and others)

Antidepressants

Amitriptyline (Elavil, and others)
Amoxapine (Asendin, and others)
Clomipramine (Anafranil)
Desipramine (Norpramin, and others)
Doxepin (Adapin, and others)
Imipramine (Tofranil, and others)
Maprotiline (Ludiomil, and others)
Nortriptyline (Aventyl, and others)
Phenelzine (Nardil)
Protriptyline (Vivactil)
Trazodone (Desyrel, and others)
Trimipramine (Surmontil)

Antihistamines

Cyproheptadine (Periactin, and others)
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl, and others)

Antihypertensives

Captopril (Capoten)
Diltiazem (Cardizem, and others)
Methyldopa (Aldomet, and others)
Minoxidil (Loniten, and others)
Nifedipine (Procerdia, and others)

Antimicrobials

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
Clofazimine (Lamprene)
Dapsone (generic)
* Demeclocycline (Declomycin, and others)
* Doxycycline (Vibramycin, and others)
* Enoxacin (Penetrex)
* Flucytosine (Ancobon)
Griseofulvin (Fulvicin- U/ F, and others)
* Lomefloxacin (Maxaquin)
Minocycline (Minocin, and others)
* Nalidixic acid (NegGram, and others)
Norfloxacin (Noroxin)
Ofloxacin (Floxin)
Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)
Pyrazinamide (generic)
Sulfonamides
Tetracycline (Achromycin and others)
Trimethoprim (Proloprim, and others)

Antiparasitic drugs

Chloroquine (Aralen, and others)
Quinine (many manufacturers)
Thiabendazole (Mintezol)
Antipsychotic drugs
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine, and others)
Fluphenazine (Permitil, and others)
Haloperidol (Haldol, and others)
Perphenazine (Trilafon, and others)
* Prochlorperazine (Compazine, and others)
Thioridazine (Mellaril, and others)
Thiothizene (Navane and others)
Trifluoperazine (Stelazine, and others)
Triflupromazine (Vesprin)

Diuretics

Acetazolamide (Diamox, and others)
Amiloride (Midamor, and others)
Bendroflumethiazide (Naturetin, and others)
Benzthiazide (Exna)
* Chlorothiazide (Diuril, and others)
* Furosamides (Lasix, and others)
* Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL, and others)
Hydroflumethiazide (Diucardin, Saluron)
Methyclothiazide (Aquatensen, and others)
Metolazone (Mykrox, Zaroxolyn)
Polythiazide (Renese)
Triamterene (Dyrenium)
Trichlormethiazide (Metahydrin, and others)

Hypoglycemics

Acetohexamide (Dymelor)
Chlorpropamide (Diabinese, and others)
Glipizide (Glucotrol, and others)
Glyburide (DiaBeta, and others)
Tolazamide (Tolinase, and others)
* Tolbutamide (Orinase, and others)

Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs

Diflunisal (Dolobid)
IbuProfen (Motrin, and others)
Indomethacin (Indocin, and others)
Ketoprofen (Orudis, and others)
Nabumetone (Relafen)
Naproxen (Naprosyn, and others)
Phenylbutazone (Butazolidin, and others)
* Piroxicam (Feldene, and others)
Sulindac (Clinoril, and others)

Sunscreens

Avobenzone (Photoplex; Shade UVAGuard)
Benzophonones (Bain de Soleil; Solbar, and others)
Cinnamates (Bull Frog; Coppertone, and others)
Homosalate (Coppertone; Tropical Blend, and others)
Menthyl anthranilate (Hawaiian Tropic, Neutrogena, and others)
* PABA esters (Tropical Blend, Presun, and others)
* Para- aminobenzoic acid (PABA – 405 Solar Cream)

Others

Alprazolam (Xanax, and others)
Amantadine (Symmetrel, and others)
* Amiodarone (Cordarone)
Benzocaine (many manufacturers)
Benzoyl peroxide (Oxy 10, and others)
* Bergamot oil, oils of citron, lavender, lime, sandalwood, cedar (used in many perfumes and cosmetics); also topical exposure to citrus rind oils)
Carbamazepine (Tegretol, and others)
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium, and others)
Clofibrate (Atromid- S, and others)
Contraceptives, oral
Desoximetasone (Topicort, and others)
Disopyramide (Norpace, and others)
Etretinate (Tegison)
Fluorescein (Fluorescite, and others)
Gold Salts (Myochrysine, and others)
Hexachlorophene (pHisoHex, and others)
Isotretinoin (Accutane)
* 6- methylcoumarin (used in perfumes, shaving lotions and sunscreens)
* Musk ambrette (used in perfumes)
* Promethazine (Phenergan, and others)
Quinidine sulphate and gluconate (many manufacturers)
Tretinoin (Retin- A)
Trimeprazine (Temaril)